Sources are acknowledged in two locations in your document: a "Works Cited" page and In-Text Citations.
"Works Cited" Page
last name, first name and middle name or initial (if
authors last name, first name and middle name or
initial (if any).
The citations are not numbered. Each citation begins with a hanging indent, which means that the second and following lines of each entry are indented five spaces under the first.
Materials from different kinds of sources, such as journal articles, books and the Internet, are cited in slightly different ways. Examples:
Authors last name, first name and middle name or initial (if any). Book Title (underlined or italicized). City of publication: Publishers, Date of publication.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Loose Canons: Notes on the Culture Wars. Oxford UP, 1992.
Authors last name, first name and middle name or initial (if any). "Title of the article in quotation marks." Name of the Journal (underlined or italicized), Volume number, (Year) : page numbers for the entire article.
Williams, Joan G. "Accelerated Fault Simulation: A Deductive Approach." Circuits Quarterly, 9 (1992): 212-220.
Authors last name, first name and middle name or initial (if any). Descriptor or "Title of article in quotations marks." Internet. (Date the article was posted, if given.)Available: Internet address. Date you accessed the material.
Honeycutt, Lee. Communication and Design Course Web Site. Internet. (1997) Available: http://dcr.rpi.edu/commdesign/class1.html, Jan. 1998.
Authors last name, first name and middle name or initial (if any). "Title of the chapter in quotation marks." In Book Title (underlined or italicized). First, middle and last name of the editor, Ed. City of publication: Publishers, Date of publication, pages on which the chapter appears.
Fraser, Kathleen. " The Tradition of Marginality." In Where We Stand: Women Poets on Literary Tradition. Sharon Bryan, Ed. NY: W.W. Norton, 1993, 52-65.
Book with more than one author
First authors last name, first name and middle name or initial (if any) and second authors first, middle, and last name. Book Title (underlined or italicized). City of publication: Publishers, Date of publication.
Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Imagination. New Haven: Yale UP, 1979.
Any material in your document which derives from other sources whether by direct quotation, paraphrase, or inspiration must be attributed immediately and the sources named either by direct reference or by parenthetical citation.
In a stunning scene on page 27, Bronte reveals the source of Heathcliffs inner torment: "in an uncontrollable passion of tears [ , ] Come in! come in! he sobbed. Cathy do come. "
According to Henry Louis Gates, "[ r ]ace is the ultimate trope of difference" (49).
Any information not given directly in the text, must be cited parenthetically (within parentheses).
To at least one American scholar, "[ r ]ace is the ultimate trope of difference" (Gates 49).
In a parenthetical citation, no punctuation separates the naming of the source ant the page number.
The title of the work cited need not be named unless you are using two different works by the same author, in which case you would then, in addition to the author, indicate the first word of the title of the specific reference you are making:
(Gates, Loose 49).
A page number need not be used if you have used an idea more generally contained within the source material, but which you have neither quoted nor paraphrased.
The word "race" has been used to reduce people to socially constructed categories (Gates).
The period follows the parenthesis unless you are using a block quotation.
If your document is double spaced, the block quotation is double space as well.
Yet consciousness is also an end in itself. Long traditions of working-class self-activity have properly focused on concrete material gains or desired structures of social organization, but only as instruments for enduring alienation and for promoting democracy and justice. (Lipsitz 128)
French's Main Page
Main High School Page for 2004-2005
Main Onekama School Page: http://www.onekama.k12.mi.us